What kind of scientific methods you use to analyse and research historic phenomena?

by [deleted]

A very broad question, and perhaps a bit vague. Essentially, I am curious about how one does do historical research?

I am familiar with scientific methods (in social sciences) like hermeneutics, positivism, phenomenology, etc., but I am wondering if it differs for historians.

Apologies for a not so 'precise question'


Hello! I recently wrote an answer about historical research methods and engagement with sources, and I used a simile of a scientific experiment to explain how historians attempt to avoid bias in the sources. I think this answer might be what you're looking for.